+A   |  -A
Skip Navigation Links

Archive of methodological explanations for the news release:

Innovative business entities

Status: 05.01.1900

1. Purpose and significance of the survey

The purpose of the statistical survey on innovation is to collect data on the introduction of new or significantly improved products, processes, marketing, organisational methods and about ongoing or abandoned innovation activities. This survey also collects information about the introduction of innovations in logistic. The survey also provides data on how much funds are invested in innovative activities, the collaboration with other business entities or institutions and about the reasons why business entities during the observation period did not introduce any kind of innovations.
In order to ensure international comparability of data, a standard questionnaire for data collection was applied (developed by Eurostat and OECD).
The methodological concept as a basis of the statistical survey on innovations is the Oslo Manual (OECD's Oslo methodology) 2005, (third edition), and the methodology is harmonised with the international definitions, classifications and nomenclatures according to Commission Regulation (EU) No 995/2012.

2. Reporting units

Reporting units in the statistical survey on innovations and innovative activities are economically active business entities, selected by representative stratified sample from the Statistical Business Registry.
Reporting units that are included in the survey are business entities with at least 10 employees, classified in the National Classification of Activities (NKD Rev.2) in the following sections (B, C, D, E, H, J and K) and divisions (46, 71, 72 and 73).

3. Data collection (time, period and survey method)

The statistical survey on innovative activities is carried out for a reference period of three years preceding the year in which the survey is carried out.

4. Definitions and other explanations

Notion of innovations
The innovation involves introducing new or significantly improved goods, services, processes, introducing new marketing concepts or strategies or introducing new organisational methods.

Innovation-active business entities are business entities that have introduced product/process innovation or business entities that had some ongoing/unfinished innovation or have abandoned the innovation activities in the reference period and/or business entities that have introduced organisational or marketing innovation.


5. Types of innovation

1. Product innovation (goods and services)
2. Process innovation
3. Organisational innovation
4. Marketing innovation

5.1 Product innovation (goods and services) means introducing a new or significantly improved good or service, in terms of their features and capabilities, their usability, components and the subsystems. Product innovation consists of good or service innovation.

5.2 Process innovation means implementation of a new or significantly improved process of production, way of distribution or ancillary activity. They include significant changes in specific techniques, equipment and/or software, intended to improve the quality, efficiency or flexibility of a production or supply activity, or a reduction in environmental and safety hazards.

5.3 Organisational innovation means introducing new methods of organisation of business operations, new methods of organising work responsibilities and decision making, and new methods of organising external relations with other business entities and public institutions.

5.4 Marketing innovation means implementation of new marketing concepts or strategies that are significantly different from the existing methods which are already used within the business entities. Marketing innovations include new or significant improvements in product design and packaging, product placement, promotions and prices. Also included are new policies for product pricing.


© State Statistical Office