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Methodological explanation for the news release:

Labour cost survey


The Labour Cost Survey is used for obtaining data on paid wages and other employer’s labour costs for employees in the business entity.
Full-time, part-time employees and apprentices are included.
Employer's average annual labour cost paid per employee is calculated taking into account the gross wages (net wages and contributions paid by the employer on behalf of the employees), costs for vocational training, other labour costs and taxes, less subsidies.
According to the new concept of gross wages and salaries, starting from 2009, the gross wages and salaries include allowances for food and transport. This fact should be taken into account when comparing the data from 2006 and 2008.
Hours actually worked include all effective hours spent at work.
Paid working hours include: hours actually worked, and hours paid but not worked (hours for annual leave, public holydays, sick leave and other absences from work).
The Labour Costs Survey is conducted in accordance with the Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999, Commission Regulation (EC) No 1726/1999 and the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1737/2005.
Average costs are calculated by dividing the total cost with the number of employees, for which the specified cost are paid (e.g. average cost of vocational training is calculated by dividing the value in denars with the number of employees for which the cost is paid), due to this the average total is not a sum of the mentioned costs.

Data collection method

Observation units in the Labour Cost Survey are the business entities in private and other ownership on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia. The reporting units that are subject of this survey are selected on the basis of a sample of 4449 units. The sample covers enterprises with activity B - S (according to the National Classification of Activities NKD Rev.2).

Last updated: 17.04.2014


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