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Methodological explanation for the news release:

Usage of information and communication technologies in the enterprises

Purpose of the statistical survey

The statistical survey ICT.1 is an annual survey about the usage of information and communication technologies (ICT) in enterprises. The survey provides information concerning the usage of ICT in the current year (reference year), e.g. whether the enterprises use computers, have access to the Internet, what are the types of Internet connections, have a website, whether they automatically and electronically share data outside the enterprise and within the enterprise, while some of the information refer to the previous year, such as the data on e-commerce and usage of e-government services. 
The results of this survey as well as the results of the other surveys in this field will contribute to determine the level of development of the information society in our country. 

Observation units are enterprises, registered on the territory of the Republic of Macedonia, with the following main activities in the National Classification of Activities NKD Rev.2, by divisions, groups or classes: 
10-33: Manufacturing activities (manufacture of food, textile, wood, tobacco, paper products, printing, manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products, chemical, pharmaceutical and products from rubber and plastic products, manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, metal and metal products, manufacture of computers, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment, machinery and equipment, and other manufacturing); 

35-39: Electricity, gas, water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; 
41-43: Construction; 
45-47: Trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; 
49-53: Transportation and storage; 
55: Accommodation; 
56: Food and beverage service activities; 
58-63: Information and communication; 
68: Real estate activities; 
69-74: Professional, scientific and technical activities; 
77-82: Administrative and support service activities
Financial and insurance activities: 
64.19, 64.92: Other monetary and other credit intermediation, 
65.1, 65.2: Insurance, reinsurance, 
66.12, 66.19: Security and commodity contracts brokerage, other activities auxiliary to financial services, except insurance and pension funding. 

We also publish data on the ICT sector covering enterprises registered in the following activities: 
26.1: Manufacture of electronic components and boards
26.2: Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment, 
26.3: Manufacture of communication equipment, 
26.4: Manufacture of consumer electronics, 
26.8: Manufacture of magnetic and optical media, 
46.5: Wholesale of information and communication equipment, 
58.2: Software publishing, 
61: Telecommunications, 
62: Computer programming, consultancy and related activities, 
63.1: Data processing, hosting and related activities, web portals, 
95.1: Repair of computers and communication equipment. 

Note: Starting from 2011, this survey started to apply the National Classification of Activities NKD Rev.2 instead of NKD Rev1.1. In 2010, both classifications NKD Rev1.1 and NKD Rev.2 were taken into account in the survey, and the activities: “Electricity, gas, water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities” and “Repair of computers and communication equipment” were added. 
Since 2014, enterprises with the following financial activities of NKD Rev.2: 64.19, 64.92, 65.1, 65.2, 66.12, and 66.19, have been excluded as observation units. 

According to the number of employees enterprises are grouped as follows: 

Micro enterprises: with 1-9 employees
Small enterprises: with 10-49 employees 
Medium enterprises: with 50-249 employees 
Large enterprises: with 250 and more employees

Note: Since 2012, enterprises with less than 10 employees have been excluded as observation units. 

The sample is stratified random sample. The stratification of the sample is by stratum of groups of activities and by groups of employees. 

The sample frame is the Statistical Business Register, situation as at the end of the previous year. 

Method of data collection 

The data are collected by filling in a questionnaire (form IKT.1). Until 2014, a paper questionnaire was mailed to the chosen enterprises, and from 2015, it is completed online in the estat system. 
The questionnaires and the basic methods of the survey are prepared according to Eurostat’s methodology and recommendations, in accordance with the regulations of the European Community. 
Regulation (EC) No 808/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council is the framework regulation and basis on which Commission regulations concerning Community statistics on information society are adopted annually. 

The reference period for most variables is the current situation (situation of the current year), and for variables about e-Government usage and e-commerce (buying / selling via websites or EDI-type messages) the reference period is the previous year. 


Data shown are estimates according to responses obtained from the enterprises. Weighting of the data obtained from the non-financial enterprises is made with the Horwitz-Thompson (HT) estimator of reverse probabilities by strata. SAS statistical procedures are used. 

Link to ICT definitions and other explanations 

Last updated: 20.03.2019

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